Foreword Reviews

Subversive Habits

Black Catholic Nuns in the Long African American Freedom Struggle

Shannen Dee Williams’s Subversive Habits is an awe-inspiring history book about Black nuns who fought for freedom and equality.

The first comprehensive history of Black Catholic sisters in the United States, this book reveals the powerful roles that these determined women played in the Catholic Church and in American history. Far from withdrawing from the world into the cloister, they engaged in the world in powerful ways, taking a radical stance against white supremacy, segregation, and sexual violence, all from within religious orders that didn’t always understand or support their aims. Still, their visions for the future—including for education, the right to vote, and women leading in the Church—were brought to fruition, little by little.

Variously delicate and bold in its treatment of how the Catholic Church worked for and against Black sisters, the book also shows how the nuns themselves wrestled with their allegiance to the Church while aiming to seek justice for all people. A rich narrative emerges from oral histories and Church records, as with the lively story of Sister Mary Antona Ebo’s presence and activism: she marched in Selma, Alabama, in 1965 and in Ferguson, Missouri, in 2014, never ceasing in her activism between these periods.

Beautiful epigraphs open each chapter, from sources including Zora Neale Hurston and the nuns themselves; quotes throughout bring the women’s voices into the work. Their voices hit every register: Sister Mary Roger Thibodeaux asserts “I am a Black nun / Singing, talking, laughing, / crying and dying.” And photographs showcase the faces of these humble, powerful women.

Subversive Habits is a stirring history text about the remarkable faith and conviction of Black nuns in America.

Reviewed by Melissa Wuske

Disclosure: This article is not an endorsement, but a review. The publisher of this book provided free copies of the book to have their book reviewed by a professional reviewer. No fee was paid by the publisher for this review. Foreword Reviews only recommends books that we love. Foreword Magazine, Inc. is disclosing this in accordance with the Federal Trade Commission’s 16 CFR, Part 255.

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